- It was developed by Katharina Schroth who was suffering from moderate scoliosis in 1920.
- This is a more functional method which was widely recognized as the best conservative scoliosis treatment in all of Germany by the late 1930’s. (Resource: Berdishevsky et al. Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders ,2016)
Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School (BSPTS)-Concept by Rigo
- Is an evolution of the original Schroth method, with influences from the Italian and French schools.
- BSPTS was founded by Spanish physiotherapist Elena Salva in 1968, and it has been further developed by Elena’s daughter, Gloria Quera-Salva and Dr. Manuel Rigo.
- BSPTS involves a therapy plan of sensory-motor, cognitive and kinesthetic training which are used to improve the scoliosis 3D shape and posture.
- It uses breathing mechanics, muscles activation and mobilization (Resource: Dobosiewicz K et al. Study Health Technol Inform, 2002; Berdishevsky et al. Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders ,2016)
General Principles of treatment:
- Establish 3D stable postural correction
- Bringing the spine into the best possible 3D alignment through application of postural correction and taking care of soft tissue component (avoid/minimize compensation and imbalance)
- Expansion technique
- Learn how to expand the trunk in 3D during normal breathing while keeping a proper relaxed posture
- Some areas are collapsed in a scoliotic spine. Expansion is crucial to be global, and it’s following by amplifying expansion in the collapsed areas to promote correction
- Muscle Activation
- When correction is well integrated, clients can level up to use more challenging strategies for muscle activation like apply external aid- poles
- “Special Muscle Activation Exercises” can be initiated by clients who are able to perform “self-correction” with an advance level.
- It consists of “Specific Principles Of Correction” according to a defined classification of clinical types and radiological curve patterns.