What is Structural Scoliosis?

Mar 24, 2022

According to SRS (Scoliosis Research Society), scoliosis is a condition of side-to-side spinal curves. Spinal curves that measure ten degrees or more, and the backbones might be rotated.

The backbones (spine) of a scoliosis patient look more like a “C” or “S” than a straight line when viewing a (front/back view) x-ray.

Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine & trunk, which appear in apparently healthy children and can progress in relation to multiple factors during any rapid of growth, or later in life. (M Rigo,th Grivas,J O’Brian, in scoliosis 2010)

The cause of more than 80% of scoliosis cases is unknown. Such cases are categorized as idiopathic (meaning of not traceable to a direct cause) scoliosis.

Idiopathic scoliosis is likely found in girls than boys.

Scoliosis by Age

Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is presented in children ages

Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis is presented in children ages

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is presented in teenagers ages

Adult scoliosis is presented in people older than

Signs & Symptoms of Scoliosis may Include:


Uneven shoulders


Head tilts to one side


The body leans more on one side


Altered shape of rib cage- a hump or bump on one side of the rib cage


Uneven hips/waist/pelvis


One shoulder blade sticks out more than the other side


Pain in neck, back, hip, knee or other joints


Breathing problems because of restricted lung expansion (for severe thoracic/upper backbones scoliosis cases)